The formal agreement between the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the National Parliament of Bangladesh on convening the 136th IPU Assembly in Dhaka was signed by The Hon Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury, the Bangladesh Speaker, and the IPU Secretary General, Mr Martin Chungong, in the River Room of the UK House of Lords on 28 April 2016 in the presence of the BGIPU Chair and Officers. This signing ceremony formalised the decision taken at the most recent IPU Assembly in Lusaka in March 2016 to hold the 136th IPU Assembly in Dhaka from 1 to 5 April 2017.
The IPU’s 134th Assembly held 19-23 March 2016 in Zambia, Lusaka had as its main theme "Rejuvenating democracy, giving voice to youth". More than 670 MPs from 131 countries, including 87 Speakers and Deputy Speakers of Parliament attended this Assembly which saw the re-entry of Comoros, Egypt and Guyana lifting the IPU to 170 members in total. The IPU Assembly, deeply shocked by terror attacks in Brussels on 22 March, adopted resolutions calling for multi-facted responses to counter the global threat of terrorism and highlighted the threats posed to cultural heritage by conflict and terrorism among other outcomes.
More than 130 young Members of Parliament from across the world committed to enhancing transparency and oversight of public finances as a cornerstone of their fight against corruption at the conclusion of a global conference in Lusaka. The MPs, attending the 3rd IPU Global Conference of Young Parliamentarians, set their sights on increased public scrutiny of state spending in a series of measures they would take to help achieve the SDGs which commit nations to ambitious targets on reducing inequalities, eradicating poverty, and promoting sustainable economic growth and climate action by 2030.